Recent Publications

Mental and Behavioral Health
Waterpipe Tobacco Use
Cigarette/E-Cigarette Use
Alcohol and Other Substance Abuse
Entertainment Education
Clinical and Translational Science

Mental and Behavioral Health

  1. Escobar-Viera CG, Whitfield DL, Wessel CB, Shensa A, Sidani JE, Brown Jr AL, Chandler CJ, Hoffman BL, Marshal MP, Primack BA. For better or for worse? A systematic review of the evidence on social media use and depression among lesbian, gay, and bisexual minorities. JMIR Mental Health. In press, 2018.

  2. Escobar-Viera CG, Shensa A, Bowman ND, Sidani JE, Knight J, James AE, Primack BA. Passive and active social media use and depressive symptoms among U.S. young adults. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking. In press, 2018.

  3. Primack BA, Bisbey M, Shensa A, Bowman B, Karim SA, Knight J, Sidani JE. The association between valence of social media experiences and depression. Depression and Anxiety. In press, 2018.

  4. Shensa A, Sidani JE, Escobar-Viera CG, Chu K, Bowman ND, Knight JM, Primack BA. Real-life closeness of social media contacts and depressive symptoms among university students. Journal of American College Health. In press, 2018. PMID: 29452042

  5. Shensa A, Sidani JE, Dew MA, Escobar-Viera CG, Primack BA. Social media use and depression and anxiety symptoms: A cluster analysis. American Journal of Health Behavior. 2018;42(2):116-128. PMID: 29458520

  6. Whaite E, Shensa A, Sidani JE, Colditz JB, Rosen D, Primack BA. Social media relationships and depressive symptoms among U.S. university students. Personality and Individual Differences. In press, 2018.

  7. Levenson J, Shensa A, Sidani JE, Colditz JB, Primack BA. Social media use before bed and sleep disturbance among young adults in the United States: A nationally-representative study. SLEEP. 2017;40(9):1-7. PMID: 28934521.

  8. Shensa A, Escobar-Viera, CG, Sidani JE, Bowman ND, Marshal MP, Primack BA. Problematic social media use and depressive symptoms among U.S. young adults: A nationally-representative study. Social Science & Medicine. 2017;182:150-157. PMID: 28446367. PMCID: PMC5476225.

  9. Primack BA, Shensa A, Sidani JE, Whaite EO, Lin L, Rosen D, Colditz JB, Radovic A, Miller E. Social media use and perceived social isolation among young adults in the U.S. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2017;53(1):1-8. PMID: 28279545.

  10. Primack BA, Shensa A, Escobar-Viera CG, Barrett EL, Sidani JE, Colditz JB, James AE. Use of multiple social media platforms and symptoms of depression and anxiety: A nationally-representative study among U.S. young adults. Computers in Human Behavior. 2017;69:1-9.

  11. Jones JR, Colditz JB, Shensa A, Sidani JE, Lin L, Terry MA, Primack BA. Associations between internet-based professional social networking and emotional distress. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking. 2016;19(10):601-8. PMID: 27732077 PMCID: PMC5067824.

  12. Sidani JE, Shensa A, Hoffman B, Hanmer J, Primack BA. The association between social media use and eating concerns among US young adults. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. 2016;(16)30:1-8. NIHMS: 784746

  13. Lin LY, Sidani JE, Shensa A, Radovic A, Miller E, Colditz JB, Hoffman BL, Giles LM, Primack BA. Association between social media use and depression among U.S. young adults. Depression and Anxiety. 2016;33(4):323-331. PMCID: PMC4853817

  14. Levenson JC, Shensa A, Sidani JE, Colditz JB, Primack BA. Social media use and sleep disturbance among young adults. Preventive Medicine. 2016;85(4);36-41. PMCID: PMC4857587

  15. Shensa A, Sidani JE, Lin L, Bowman ND, Primack BA. Social media use and perceived emotional support among US young adults. Journal of Community Health. 2016;41(3):541-9. PMCID: PMC4842323

  16. Primack BA, Land SR, Fan J, Kim KH, Rosen DA. Associations of mental health problems with waterpipe tobacco and cigarette smoking among college students. Substance Use and Misuse. 2013;48(3), 211-219. PMCID: PMC3582711

  17. Primack BA, Silk JS, DeLozier CR, Shadel WS, Dillman Carpentier F, Dahl RE, Switzer GE. Using ecological momentary assessment to determine media use by individuals with and without major depressive disorder. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine. 2011;165(4):360-5. PMCID: PMC3074228

  18. Primack BA, Swanier B, Georgiopoulos AM, Land SR, Fine MJ. Association between media use in adolescence and depression in young adulthood: a longitudinal study. Archives of General Psychiatry. 2009;66(2):181-8. PMCID: PMC3004674

  19. Primack BA, Douglas EL, Fine MJ, Dalton MA. Exposure to sexual lyrics and sexual experience among urban adolescents. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2009;36(4):317-23. PMCID: PMC3008595

  20. Primack BA, Gold MA, Schwarz EB, Dalton MA. Degrading and non-degrading sex in popular music: a content analysis. Public Health Reports. 2008;123(5):593-600. PMCID: PMC2496932

Waterpipe Tobacco Use

  1. Sidani JE, Shensa A, Yabes J, Fertman C, Primack BA. Waterpipe tobacco smoking among U.S. young adults both in and not in school: A nationally-representative study. Family Practice. In Press, 2018.

  2. Primack BA, Shensa A, Sidani JE, Tulikangas MC, Roberts MS, Colditz JB, James AE, Fine MJ. Comparison of toxicant load from waterpipe and cigarette tobacco smoking among young adults in the United States. Tobacco Control. In press, 2018. PMID: 29242110

  3. Colditz JB, Chu K, Switzer GE, Pelechrinis K, Primack BA. Online data to contextualize waterpipe tobacco smoking establishments surrounding large US universities. Health Informatics Journal. In press, 2018.

  4. Sidani JE, Shensa A, Naidu MR, Yabes J, Primack BA. Initiation, progression, and sustained waterpipe use: A nationally-representative longitudinal study of U.S. young adults. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers, and Prevention. 2017;26(5):748-755 PMID: 28082346.

  5. Maziak W, Taleb ZB, Jawad M, Afifi R, Nakkash R, Akl E, Ward KD, Salloum RG, Barnett TE, Primack BA, Sherman S, Cobb CO, Sutfin EL, Eissenberg T. Consensus statement on assessment of waterpipe smoking in epidemiological studies. Tobacco Control. 2016;0:1-6. PMID: 27165995. PMCID: PMC5104675.

  6. Sidani JE, Shiffman S, Shensa A, Switzer GE, Primack BA. Waterpipe tobacco smoking dependence among US young adults. Addiction. 2016;111(2);351-359. PMCID: PMC4715762

  7. Colditz JB, Ton J, James AE, Primack BA. Toward Effective Water Pipe Tobacco Control Policy in the United States: Synthesis of Federal, State, and Local Policy Texts. American Journal of Health Promotion. Online January 5, 2016.  PMCID: PMC4935627 

  8. Primack BA, Carroll MV, Weiss PM, Shihadeh AL, Shensa A, Farley ST, Fine MJ, Eissenberg T, Nayak S. Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Inhaled Toxicants from Waterpipe and Cigarette Smoking. Public Health Reports. 2016;131(1):76-85. PMCID: PMC4716475

  9. Primack BA, Carroll MV, Davis W, Shensa A, Levine MD. Hookah-related images posted by and about females on Tumblr. Journal of Health Communication. 2016;21(3):366-375. PMCID: PMC4873310

  10. Primack BA, Freedman-Doan P, Sidani JE, Rosen D, Shensa A, James AE, Wallace J. Sustained waterpipe tobacco smoking and trends over time among US high school seniors: Findings from Monitoring the Future. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2015;49(6):859-67. PMCID: PMC4780332

  11. Soneji S, Sargent JD, Tansky SE, Primack BA. Associations between initial waterpipe tobacco smoking and snus and subsequent cigarette smoking: Results from a longitudinal study of US adolescents and young adults. JAMA Pediatrics. 2015;169(2):129–36. PMCID: PMC438804

  12. Sidani JE, Shensa A, Primack BA. Waterpipe steam stones: Familiarity with and use among US young adults. Nicotine & Tobacco Research. 2015;17(1):114–8.  PMCID: PMC4318932

  13. Carroll MV, Chang J, Sidani JE, Barnett TE, Soule E, Balbach E, Primack BA. Reigniting tobacco ritual: Waterpipe tobacco smoking establishment culture in the United States. Nicotine & Tobacco Research. 2014;16(12):1549–58.  PMCID: PMC4296182

  14. Primack BA, Khabour OF, Alzoubi KH, Switzer GE, Shensa A, Carroll MV, Azab M, Eissenberg T. The LWDS-10J: Reliability and validity of the Lebanon Waterpipe Dependence Scale among university students in Jordan. Nicotine & Tobacco Research. 2014;16(7):915-22. PMCID: PMC413366

  15. Sidani JE, Shensa A, Barnett TE, Cook RL, Primack BA. Knowledge, attitudes, and normative beliefs as predictors of hookah tobacco smoking initiation: A longitudinal study of University students. Nicotine & Tobacco Research. 2014;16(6):647-54.  PMCID: PMC4015087

  16. Primack BA, Mah J, Shensa A, Rosen D, Yonas MA, Fine MJ. Associations between race, ethnicity, religion, and waterpipe tobacco smoking. Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse. 2014;13(1):58-71.  PMCID: PMC3998664

  17. Barnett TE, Shensa A, Kim KH, Cook RL, Nuzzo E, Primack BA. The predictive utility of attitudes toward hookah tobacco smoking on current use and use among a sample of college students. American Journal of Health Behavior. 2013;37(4):433-439. PMCID: PMC3761412

  18. Primack BA, Shensa A, Kim KH, Carroll MV, Hoban MT, Leino EV, Eissenberg T, Dachille KH, Fine MJ. Waterpipe smoking among U.S. university students. Nicotine & Tobacco Research. 2013;15(1);29-35. PMCID: PMC3524056

  19. Nuzzo E, Shensa A, Kim KH, Fine MJ, Barnett TE, Cook R, Primack BA. Associations between hookah tobacco smoking knowledge and hookah smoking behavior among US college students. Health Education Research. 2013;28(1);92-100. PMCID: PMC3549589

  20. Primack BA, Hopkins M, Hallett C, Carroll MV, Zeller M, Dachille K, Donohue JM. U.S. health policy related to hookah tobacco smoking. American Journal of Public Health. 2012;102(9):e47-51. PMCID: PMC382044

  21. Khabour OF, Alzoubi KH, Eissenberg T, Mehrotra P, Azab M, Carroll MV, Afifi RA, Primack BA. Waterpipe tobacco and cigarette smoking among university students in Jordan. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. 2012;16(7):986-92. PMCID: PMC3570564

  22. Carroll MV, Shensa A, Primack BA. A comparison of cigarette and hookah-related videos on YouTube. Tobacco Control. 2013;22(5):319-323. PMCID: PMC3655091

  23. Primack BA, Rice KR, Shensa A, Carroll MV, DePenna EJ, Nakkash R, Barnett T. US hookah tobacco smoking establishments advertised on the internet. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2012;42(2):150-6. PMCID: PMC3391575

  24. Azab M, Khabour OF, Alkaraki AK, Eissenberg T, Alzoubi KH, Primack BA. Water pipe tobacco smoking among university students in Jordan. Nicotine and Tobacco Research. 2010;12(6):606-12. PMCID: PMC2878728

  25. Primack BA, Fertman CI, Rice KR, Adachi-Mejia AM, Fine MJ. Waterpipe and cigarette smoking among college athletes in the United States. Journal of Adolescent Health. 2010;46(1):45-51. PMCID: PMC3001225

  26. Primack BA, Walsh M, Bryce C, Eissenberg T. Water-pipe tobacco smoking among middle and high school students in Arizona. Pediatrics. 2009;123(2):e282-8. PMCID: PMC3013632

  27. Primack BA, Sidani J, Agarwal AA, Shadel WG, Donny EC, Eissenberg TE. Prevalence of and associations with waterpipe tobacco smoking among U.S. university students. Annals of Behavioral Medicine. 2008;36(1):81-6. PMCID: PMC3004534

Cigarette/E-Cigarette Use

  1. Hoffman BL, Tulikangas MC, James AE, Shensa A, Colditz JB, Primack BA. Pennsylvania policymakers’ knowledge, attitudes, and likelihood for action regarding waterpipe tobacco smoking & electronic nicotine delivery systems. Tobacco Prevention & Cessation. In press, 2018.

  2. Soneji S, Primack BA, Pierce JJ, Sung H, Sargent JD. Quantifying population-level health benefits and harms of e-cigarette use. PLOS ONE. In press, 2018.

  3. Primack BA, Shensa A, Sidani JE, Soneji S, Hoffman BL, Sargent JD, James AE, Hoffman R, Fine MJ. Initiation of traditional cigarette smoking after electronic cigarette use among tobacco-naïve U.S. young adults. American Journal of Medicine. In press, 2017. PMID: 29242110.

  4. Soneji S, Barrington-Trimis JL, Leventhal AM, Unger JB, Gibson LA, Wills TA, Yang J, Andrews JA, Hornick RC, Primack BA, Dang R, Sargent JD. E-cigarette use and subsequent cigarette smoking among adolescents and young adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA Pediatrics. 2017;1;171(8):788-797. PMID: 28654986.

  5. Colditz JB, Welling J, Smith NA, James AE, Primack BA. World Vaping Day: Contextualizing vaping culture in online social media. Journal of Mixed Methods Research. 2017:1-20.

  6. Shensa A, Phelps-Tschang JS, Miller E, Primack BA. A randomized crossover study of Web-based media literacy to prevent smoking. Health Education Research. 2016;31(1): 48-59. PMCID: PMC4883031

  7. Primack BA, Soneji S, Stoolmiller M, Fine MJ, Sargent JD. Progression to traditional cigarette smoking after electronic cigarette use among U.S. adolescents and young adults. JAMA Pediatrics. 2015;169(11):1018-1023. PMCID: PMC4800740

  8. Phelps-Tschang J, Miller E, Rice K, Primack BA. Web-based media literacy to prevent tobacco use among high school students. Journal of Media Literacy Education. 2015;7(3);29-40.

  9. Primack BA, Douglas E, Land SR, Miller E, Fine MJ. Comparison of media literacy and usual education to prevent tobacco use: A cluster randomized trial. Journal of School Health. 2014;84(2):106–15. PMCID: PMC4126196

  10. Shadel WG, Martino S, Setodji C, Haviland A, Primack BA, Scharf D. Motives for smoking in movies affect future smoking risk in middle school students: An experimental Investigation. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2012;123(1-3);66-71. PMCID: PMC3288217

  11. Primack BA, Kim KH, Shensa A, Sidani JE, Barnett TE, Switzer GE. Tobacco, marijuana, and alcohol use in University students: A cluster analysis. Journal of American College Health. 2012;60(5):374-86. PMCID: PMC3401532

  12. Salgado MV, Perez-Stable EJ, Primack BA, Kaplan CP, Mejia RM, Gregorich SE, Alderete E. Association of media literacy with cigarette smoking among youth in Jujuy, Argentina. Nicotine & Tobacco Research. 2012;14(5):516-21. PMCID: PMC3337534

  13. Primack BA, Longacre MR, Beach M, Adachi-Mejia AM, Dalton MA. Association of established smoking among adolescents with timing of exposure to smoking depicted in movies. Journal of the National Cancer Institute. 2012;104(7):1571-6. PMCID: PMC3317882

  14. Shadel WG, Martino S, Haviland A, Setodji C, Primack BA. Smoking motives in movies are important for understanding adolescent smoking: A preliminary investigation. Nicotine and Tobacco Research. 2010;12(8):850-4. PMCID: PMC2917740

  15. Sherman EJ, Primack BA. What works to prevent adolescent smoking? A systematic review of the National Cancer Institute’s Research-Tested Intervention Programs. Journal of School Health. 2009;79(9):391-9. PMCID: PMC3004538

  16. Primack BA, Sidani J, Carroll MV, Fine MJ. Associations between smoking and media literacy in college students. Journal of Health Communication. 2009;14(6):541-55. PMCID: PMC3008588

  17. Primack BA, Fine D, Yang CK, Wickett D, Zickmund S. Adolescents’ impressions of antismoking media literacy education: qualitative results from a randomized controlled trial. Health Education Research. 2009;24(4):608-21. PMCID: PMC2706492

  18. Primack BA, Hobbs R. Association of various components of media literacy and adolescent smoking. American Journal of Health Behavior. 2009;33(2):192-201. PMCID: PMC3001227

  19. Primack BA, Land SR, Fine MJ. Adolescent smoking and volume of exposure to various forms of media. Public Health. 2008;122(4):379-89. PMID: 18206196. PMCID: PMC3001229

  20. Primack BA, Dalton MA, Carroll MV, Agarwal AA, Fine MJ. Content analysis of tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs in popular music. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine. 2008;162(2):169-75. PMCID: PMC3004676

  21. Primack BA, Bost JE, Land SR, Fine MJ. Volume of tobacco advertising in African American markets: systematic review and meta-analysis. Public Health Reports. 2007;122(5):607-15. PMCID: PMC1936959

  22. Primack BA, Switzer GE, Dalton MA. Improving measurement of normative beliefs involving smoking among adolescents. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine. 2007;161(5):434-9. PMCID: PMC301365

  23. Primack BA, Gold MA, Land SR, Fine MJ. Association of cigarette smoking and media literacy about smoking among adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health. 2006;39(4):465-72. PMCID: PMC3008629

  24. Primack BA, Gold MA, Switzer GE, Hobbs R, Land SR, Fine MJ. Development and validation of a smoking media literacy scale for adolescents. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine. 2006;160(4):369-74. PMCID: PMC3001232

Alcohol and Other Substance Use

  1. Primack BA, Colditz JB, Rosen E, Giles LM, Jackson K, Kraemer KL. Portrayal of alcohol brands favored by underage youth on YouTube. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. 2017;78(5):654-664.

  2. Primack BA, Colditz JB, Pang K, Jackson KM. Portrayal of alcohol intoxication on YouTube. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. 2015;39(3):496-503. PMCID: PMC4510943

  3. Primack BA, McClure A, Li Z, Sargent JD. Receptivity to and recall of alcohol brand appearances in US popular music and alcohol-related behaviors. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. 2014;38(6):1737-44. PMID: 24716496. PMCID: PMC4047148

  4. Sidani JE, Shensa A, Primack BA. Substance use and living arrangement among fraternity and sorority members at US colleges and universities. Journal of Community Health. 2012;38(2), 238-245. PMCID: PMC3594445

  5. Primack BA, Nuzzo E, Rice K, Sargent J. Alcohol brand references in U.S. popular music. Addiction. 2012;107(3):557-66. PMCID: PMC3273659

  6. Hu X, Primack BA, Barnett TE, Cook RL. College students and use of K2: An emerging drug of abuse in young persons. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy. 2011; 6:16. PMCID: PMC3142218

  7. Primack BA, Douglas EL, Kraemer KL. Exposure to cannabis in popular music and cannabis use among adolescents. Addiction. 2010;105(3):515-23. PMCID: PMC2881613

  8. Primack BA, Kraemer KL, Fine MJ, Dalton MA. Media exposure and marijuana and alcohol use among adolescents. Substance Use and Misuse. 2009;44(5):722-39. PMCID: PMC3008330

Entertainment Education

  1. Hoffman BL, Rosenthal EL, Colditz JB, McGarry R, Primack BA. Use of Twitter to assess viewer reactions to the medical drama Code Black. Journal of Health Communication. 2018;23(3):244-253.

  2. Hoffman BL, Shensa A, Wessel C, Hoffman RM, Primack BA. Exposure to fictional medical television and health: A systematic review. Health Education Research. 2017;32(2):107-123. PMID:28334962

  3. Hoffman BL, Hoffman RM, Wessel C, Shensa A, Woods MS, Primack BA. The use of fictional medical television in medical education: A systematic review. Advances in Health Sciences Education. 2018;23(1):201-216. PMID: 28083814

  4. Primack BA, Roberts T, Fine MJ, Dillman Carpentier FR, Rice KR, Barnato AE. ER vs. ED: A comparison of televised and real-life emergency medicine. Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2012;43(6):1160-6. PMCID: PMC3573875

  5. Primack BA, Carroll MV, McNamara M, Klem ML, King B, Rich MO, Chan CW, Nayak S. Role of video games in improving health-related outcomes: a systematic review. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2012;42(6):630-8. PMCID: PMC3391574

  6. Primack BA, Wickett DJ, Kraemer KL, Zickmund S. Teaching health literacy using popular television programming: a qualitative pilot study. American Journal of Health Education. 2010;41(3):147-54. PMCID: PMC3757562

  7. Arke ET, Primack BA. Quantifying media literacy: development, reliability, and validity of a new measure. Educational Media International. 2009;46(1):53-65. PMCID: PMC3092308

Clinical & Translational Science

  1. Chakraborty P, Colditz JB, Silvestre AJ, Friedman MR, Bogen KW, Primack BA*. Using Twitter to characterize public sentiment toward HPV vaccination. Cogent Med. 2017;4(1).

  2. Rosen DA, McCall J, Primack BA. A telehealth protocol prevents readmission among a high-risk cohort of patients with congestive heart failure. The American Journal of Medicine. 2017;130(11):1326-1330.

  3. Primack BA, Colditz JB, Cohen E, Switzer GE, Robinson G, Seltzer DL, Rubio DM, Kapoor WN. Measurement of social capital among clinical research trainees. Clinical and Translational Science. 2014;7(1):33-7. PMID: 24118964. PMCID: PMC36644911

  4. Rubio DM, Primack BA, Switzer GE, Bryce CL, Seltzer DL, Kapoor WN. A comprehensive career-success model for physician-scientists. Academic Medicine. 2011:86(12):1571-6. PMCID: PMC3228877

  5. Lee JS, Primack BA, Mor MK, Stone RA, Obrosky DS, Yealy DM, Fine MJ. Processes of care and outcomes for community-acquired pneumonia. American Journal of Medicine. 2011;124(12):1175.e9-17. PMCID: PMC3578284

  6. Primack BA, Dilmore TC, Switzer GE, Bryce CL, Seltzer DL, Li JI, Landsittel DP, Kapoor WN, Rubio DM. Burnout among early-career research trainees. Clinical and Translational Science. 2010;3(4):186-8. PMCID: PMC2925292

  7. Primack BA, Bui T, Fertman CI. Social marketing meets health literacy: innovative improvement of health care providers’ comfort with patient interaction. Patient Education and Counseling. 2007;68(1):3-9. PMCID: PMC3004527

Mental and Behavioral Health
Waterpipe Tobacco Use
Cigarette/E-Cigarette Use
Alcohol and Other Substance Abuse
Entertainment Education
Clinical and Translational Science